All posts by Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

Call for Abstracts – European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics (ENHE)

 

Call for Abstracts
European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics (ENHE)
Second Issue 2019
The European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics is an interdisciplinary Open Access  and peer-­reviewed eJournal spanning the Humanities, Nursing Science, Social Sciences, and Cultural Studies. The journal is published online once a year with each edition having an individual theme. In addition, all volumes provide an open section that contains articles on various topics.
The Journal is seeking contributions to the open section and themed section.

Theme  2019:  “Bads”  in  nursing:  Negative  experience  as  an  impetus  to  reform  in  nineteenth  and  twentieth centuries
The theme for 2019 has been agreed in Cooperation with the Swiss Society of the History of Health and Nursing (GPG-­HSS) and the European Association for the History of Nursing (EAHN)
Deadline for abstracts: November 30th, 2017

Cultural expectations of ‘good care’ change according to context. They vary according to time and place. They are constantly shaped and reshaped by knowledge and techniques of health professions; by bodily and emotional needs and sensations; by symbols and rituals of attention and of sympathy; by religious ideas; and by views of justice, of caring human relations and of the person’s dignity. Individual experiences sometimes harmonise with expectations so that patients, and their nurses all feel satisfied.  But  sometimes  things  can  and  do  go  wrong.  Bad  things  can  happen –  and  these  can  be  compounded by the failure of systems to intervene, to ‘turn things around’. Those involved can be left  with  negative  experiences  and  may  suffer  consequences.  According  to  the  Dutch  Philosopher  Annemarie Mol such experiences are termed ambiguously as “bads” in care: “There is something else that bothers me. It is that somehow writing about the goods of care is just too nice. Too cosy. There are also bads to address, but how to do so?” (Mol 2010, 229)

The second issue of the European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics will provide an opportunity for scholars from a range of disciplines to debate historical and ethical research relating to this subject. It will consider both individual and collective experiences of nursing; explanations for bad care; and descriptions of ways in which individuals and groups have attempted to find impetus for reform. The history of Europe and its colonies in the 19th and 20th centuries contain many examples of socalled “bads” in healthcare. During this time science based medical knowledge and techniques gained a powerful position within the logics of care and within the systems and practices of health professions. “Good” nursing was redefined. And yet, the materiality, symbolisms and rituals of care continued to be understood in terms of the Judao-­Christian religious context, coupled with bourgeois ideas of social justice, moral behaviour and human dignity. Through decades, different cultures of care responded to what they considered “bad” in attention, protection or kindness. During the “Age of Extremes” (1914-­1991) – to use the term coined by Eric Hobsbawm – totalitarian ideologies and race biology, dictatorial regimes, authoritarian societies and economies at war put pressure on the multifaceted cultures of care. From the 1960s onwards, organisations of victims and of patients, social and feminist movements as well as critical scholars launched historical studies and social inquiries to disclose neglect, failures of care, mistreatments and abuse in medical, psychiatric and foster care institutions in past and present. These processes are still ongoing and they contribute to reforms in healthcare, to acts of apology, to compensation and to commemorative cultures.

The aim of the Second Issue of the European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics is to enlarge our understanding of how nurses were interlinked with “bads” in healthcare, of how they addressed and responded to negative experiences and how they contributed to the reform of healthcare in the 19th and 20th centuries.

The European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics calls for contributions from scholars who can present research relating to negative experiences of and with nurses. Their starting point should be the individual or the collective experience of nurses and/or of patients and family members with bad care. They should find answers to these questions: What shaped experience of “bads” as the actors addressed  them?  Whom  did  they  make  responsible  for  their  negative  experiences?  How  did  they  explain them? What did they claim? How did the actors involved deal with the negative experiences? How  did  those  made  responsible  for  “bads”  respond  to  re-­‐establish  their  standards  of  good  healthcare, reputation and trustworthiness? How did this process contribute to reforms in healthcare?

The CfA for the special theme of the European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics is related to the International Conference „’Bads’ in healthcare: Negative experience as an impetus to reform in nineteenth and twentieth centuries“, 21/22.6.2018 in Winterthur, Switzerland, see further information : https://gpg-­‐hss.ch/category/european-­conference-­2018/

Please note the following remarks on the concept of the European Journal for Nursing History and Ethics:
The journal creates a dialogue between the history and the ethics of nursing while providing new impulses for advancing the subfields of the history as well as the ethics of nursing. Historians are asked to include the ethical dimension of the topic into their research project; researchers interested in ethics are requested to reflect on the historical dimensions of their projects. This does not mean, however, that articles on ethics should be preceded by a historical overview in the style of a manual. Rather the latest developments and socio-­political debates that have led to the current issues in the ethics of nursing should be put in their historical context and be used in the analysis. Likewise papers on the history of nursing should address ethical questions within the historical context or refer to current issues in the ethics of nursing. The journal publishes research both on European History and the history of the reciprocal relationships and entanglements of European and non-­European societies.

The journal only publishes original contributions. The authors agree when submitting their script that their text has not already been submitted or published elsewhere.

Please submit your abstract (max 500 words) in English and separately a short CV until November 30th,  2017  to  Prof.  Dr.  Susanne  Kreutzer  kreutzer@fh-­muenster.de  and  PD  Dr.  Karen  Nolte:  karen.nolte@uni-wuerzburg.de

Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

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Book review – Vum Siggy bis bei d’City

siggy_full

En 1963, pour commémorer le millénaire de la fondation de la ville de Luxembourg en 963, les autorités politiques luxembourgeoises avaient organisé une exposition monumentale aux halles d’exposition du Limpertsberg. 50 ans plus tard, pour un anniversaire moins « impressionnant », la ville a proposé un concours d’artistes pour réaliser une sculpture de Mélusine, gagné par Serge Ecker, et a passé une commande à Lucien Czuga et Roger Leiner pour réaliser « l’histoire de la ville de Luxembourg en B.D. » comme l’annonce le sous-titre de l’ouvrage. dans leur série à succès De Superjhemp, le passé du Luxembourg est un de leurs terrains de jeux de prédilection1. Dès le deuxième album, Dynamit fir d’Dynastie, publié en 1989, Superjhemp rencontre Mélusine, Jean l’Aveugle, Vauban… grâce à un tram qui sert de machine à voyager dans le temps. Dans d’autres albums, un passé souvent folklorique sert également d’arrière-fonds pour raconter les histoires héroïques de Charel Kuddel. Cette mise en récit du passé a probablement été plus performative pour les représentations mémorielles de la société luxembourgeoise que les dizaines de livres d’historiens parus au même moment, à en juger le succès populaire et commercial inégalé de cette série2 et l’omniprésence de l’univers visuel de Leiner dans la publicité, les brochures pédagogiques,…

Continue reading Book review – Vum Siggy bis bei d’City

  1. Dans le champ réduit de la bande dessinée luxembourgeoise, l’histoire du Grand-Duchéest un élément récurrent que ce soit dans la revue Letzebuerger Kanner dans les années 1940, dans la série Deemols de Marc Angel publiée entre 1998 et 2001 ou plus récemment, en 2015, dans De Jas. Eng Eisléker Legend , de Jean-Louis Schlesser et Marc Angel. []
  2. Vum Siggy bis bei d’City s’est d’ailleurs bien venu également : il occupe la première des livres les plus vendus dans la catégorie « fiction » d’août à novembre 2015. []

Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

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La surmortalité dans les asiles psychiatriques en Belgique (1914-18)

Black-windows_542931
La situation historiographique

En ce moment, je travaille avec Anne Roekens sur la situation des hôpitaux psychiatriques en Belgique occupée pendant la Première Guerre mondiale et plus spécifiquement sur la question du ravitaillement et de la mortalité dans ces institutions. Le sujet est un black hole historiographique, contrairement à l’étranger où les travaux de Heinz Faulstich pour l’Allemagne, d’Isabelle von Bueltzingsloewen pour la France et de Peter Schwarz pour l’Autriche permettent de voir plus clair.

Non seulement les historiens ne se sont guère intéressés à la question, mais les contemporains des quatre années d’occupation non plus. Si la statistique des aliénés en Belgique est assez détaillée depuis la deuxième moitié du 19e siècle, sa publication s’arrête pour les années 1917 et 1918. Il n’y a donc pas de bilan chiffré au niveau national. À partir des chiffres existants, j’ai essayé d’extrapoler des chiffres pour les années manquantes.

Tableau 1 – Chiffres publiés pour les années 1914-19191

Malades mentaux colloqués Entrants Sortants Décès % décès population2 Mort supplémentaires3
1914

19177

4089

1981

1954

10,9 %

77

1915

19789

3418

1293

2114

11,7 %

257

1916

19545

3604

1300

2572

14,8 %

860

1919

15243

4815

2430

1784

13,3 %

442

À en juger les trois premières années de la guerre, on n’observe pas une hausse importante des sorties (guérison, repris par des parents…) et le nombre des entrants se stabilise après une baisse importante lors de la première année. Si on postule que ces phénomènes ne changent pas fondamentalement pendant les deux dernières années, la baisse importante serait alors uniquement liée à la hausse de la mortalité.

Tableau 2 – Chiffres estimés pour les années 1917-1918

Malades mentaux colloqués Entrants Sortants Décès % décès population Morts supplémentaires
1917

18111

3500

1300

2900

16,1 %

1032

1918

16667

3500

1300

2900

17,4 %

1167

1 Leroy, ‘Un péril social : Le nombre des malades mentaux augmente d’une façon continue en Belgique’, Acta Neurologica et Psychiatrica Belgica, no. 4 (1949): 215–219.

2 Ce pourcentage présenté par Leroy est calculé de manière non-orthodoxe. Normalement pour établir la mortalité, le nombre de décès est divisé par la somme des malades présents au 1er janvier et des entrants pendant l’année Treizième rapport sur la situation des asiles d’aliénées du Royaume(1883-1892) (Bruxelles: Goemaere, 1895), LXII; Heinz Faulstich, Hungersterben in der Psychiatrie 1914-1949: mit einer Topographie der NS-Psychiatrie (Freiburg im Breisgau: Lambertus, 1998), 60.. Alphonse Leroy s’est limité à diviser le nombre de décès par la population présente au 1er janvier de l’année . Pour permettre la comparaison et comme c’est souvent les seules informations dont on dispose pour les années de guerre, nous allons garder cette manière non-orthodoxe.

3 Calculé par rapport à la moyenne des années 1910-1912 où la moyenne de mortalité est de 10,4 %.

Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

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Histoire des vieux, de la vieillesse et du vieillissement

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Programme de la journée d’étude :

« Histoire des vieux, de la vieillesse et du vieillissement :

Nouvelles perspectives pour un nouveau champ de recherches ? »

Université du Luxembourg – Campus Belval

Maison des Sciences de l’homme – Salle 5 (MSH 00 15 050)

08h30-08h45 : Accueil 

__________

08h45-09h00 : Introduction à la journée

Sophie Richelle – Université du Luxembourg

& Mathilde Rossigneux-Méheust – Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne

__________ Continue reading Histoire des vieux, de la vieillesse et du vieillissement

Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

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CfP – ​ The Face of First World War Battlefields and Battles

Trench lighter, Coll. Historial de la Grande Guerre, Photo Y. Medmoun
Trench lighter, Coll. Historial de la Grande Guerre,
Photo Y. Medmoun

Summer School for Graduate students

With financial support from the Conseil départemental de la Somme, the Mission du Centenaire 14-18, and the Office franco-allemand pour la jeunesse.

June 26th to July 2nd 2016, Péronne & Verdun

The International Research Centre of the Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne, with its partners at the EHESS Paris, the Zentrum für Militärgeschichte und Sozialwissenschaften der Bundeswehr, Potsdam and the Université de Picardie Jules Vernes invites applications for its summer school in Verdun and Péronne for graduate students working on the First World War or modern conflicts more generally.

Aims
We aim to bring together an international group of outstanding young scholars with interests in, but not limited to, the military, cultural, social, and environmental histories of war. Over the course of a week, students will spend time in discussion with their peers, but also a wide range of leading international academics. Excursions and visits are an integral part of the programme and serve to enrich the experience.

Topic
The centenary in 2016 of the two iconic battles of the First World War–Verdun and the Somme–leads us to reconsider battles and battlefields in the historiography of the First World War. Since John Keegan’s pioneering Face of Battle (1976), generations of historians have expanded our understanding of the experience of combat, as well as our knowledge of the literary and artistic representations of the battlefield. The way we think about the legacy of battles in the memory of the First World War around the world, too, has changed. Our week in Verdun and Péronne (three days each) will not only give us time to reflect on the current state of research on the battles of the First World War and discover the most recent advancements in battlefield archeology and environmental history of warfare, but also confront these readings with on-the-ground visits to the sites studied.

Programme highlights
Activities will include guided tours of battlefields and memorial sites around Verdun and at the Somme, with local guides and specialists of battlefield archeology. Lectures by and debates with renowned historians of the First World War (including Stéphane Audoin-Rouzeau, Annette Becker, Annie Deperchin, John Horne, Gerd Krumeich, Anne Rasmussen and Jay Winter) will supplement our smaller seminar sessions with the summer school organizing historians (see below). On July 1st, 2016 we have seats reserved for all participants at the Somme centenary commemoration in Thiepval.

Conditions
The working languages of the summer school will be English and French. In order to participate in the full programme and in particular the guided tours of the battlefields a good passive knowledge of French (the capacity to understand a native speaker giving a fairly technical talk) is indispensable.

In order to allow for the greatest possible interaction and debate during the summer school, participants will be expected to read a certain number of documents ahead of time and prepare them for presentation.

We will cover accommodation (in 1 and 2-bed-rooms, shared bathrooms), all local transport (leaving and returning to Paris), entry fees for the various sites and most meals. We will also be able to provide assistance for travel costs to/from Paris for participants, especially those whose academic institutions do not cover such expenses.
Organizing committee:

Caroline Fontaine (Centre International de Recherche de l’Historial de la Grande Guerre, Péronne)

Franziska Heimburger (Paris-Sorbonne, CIRHGG)

Tomás Irish (Swansea University)

Benoît Majerus (University of Luxembourg)

Gene Tempest (Insignia Films)
Applications (in English or French) consisting of a 1-page summary of the candidate’s field of research [or: “research interests”] and a 1-page academic CV must be received before midnight on 15th February 2016 online: http://batailles2016.sciencesconf.org/?lang=en
Procedure:
1- Create an account on the website, clicking on « Create account » in the left-hand menu.
2- Fill in the form, click on « register » and then activate the account when you receive the confirmation email.
3- Click on « Submissions » in the left-hand column and then « Submit a paper ».
4- Fill in the submission metadata. In the “Abstract” field, please tell us in a couple of paragraphs why you feel this summer school would be beneficial to you and what you could bring to it. When you reach the page for paper submission, please submit your project summary as “Paper” and your CV as “supplementary information”.
We will notify applicants whether their papers have been accepted by 15th March 2016.

Contact: ecole-ete[at]cirhgg.org

Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

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VI. Assises de l’historiographie luxembourgeoise. Histoire du temps présent – Bilan et perspectives

Screenshot from 2015-11-04 07-51-06
Le récent ‘Historikerstreik’ sera sûrement un des arrière-fonds de ces Assises.

Institut d’Histoire, Université du Luxembourg
19.11.2015-21.11.2015, Esch-sur-Alzette, Université du Luxembourg,
Campus Belval, Maison du Savoir, Auditoire 3330, 2, avenue de
l’Université, L-4365 Esch-sur-Alzette

Das Institut für Geschichte der Universität Luxemburg veranstaltet in zweijährigem Turnus Tagungen zur luxemburgischen Historiographie, bei denen jeweils historiographische Arbeiten zu einem bestimmten Feld der luxemburgischen Geschichte kritisch betrachtet werden. Die in diesem Jahr stattfindenden VI. Assises de l’historiographie luxembourgeoise befassen sich mit dem Thema Zeitgeschichte. Im Unterschied zu früheren Veranstaltungen sollen diesmal – neben der Bestandsaufnahme – vor allem neuere Forschungsarbeiten präsentiert und vor dem Hintergrund der
rezenten internationalen Entwicklungen in der zeitgeschichtlichen
Forschung diskutiert werden. Continue reading VI. Assises de l’historiographie luxembourgeoise. Histoire du temps présent – Bilan et perspectives

Benoit Majerus

Since January 2011, I am working as Associate Professor at the University of Luxembourg. I have written my PhD on the occupation of Belgium during World War One and World Two. In 2013 I published a history of psychiatry in the 20th century from below. I am also co-editor of h-madness.

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